The vast sea of trees that is the Canadian forest meets the Atlantic Ocean in New Brunswick. The province’s original European settlers were French, and New Brunswick still retains its French flavor. The largest city in the province, Saint John, is the oldest incorporated town in Canada. The Bay of Fundy, just north of Maine, has the world’s highest tides. New Brunswick has 1,400 miles of coastline, making it a haven for those who love to fish.
Any traveler to New Brunswick should have no trouble finding wonderful things to eat. Lobster is especially popular, followed closely by oysters, clams, scallops, and mussels. A special treat is dulse, a salty seaweed eaten as a snack. Adventurous visitors who come to New Brunswick in the spring should take to opportunity to sample the fiddlehead fern, which is boiled and served with lemon butter, pepper, and salt.
The name of this province means “New Scotland,” and the area retains a Scottish favor. However, the province also has French influence, and there is still a relatively large native population. No matter its heritage, it is a province centered around the sea; no part of Nova Scotia is more than 35 miles from the ocean.
Halifax, Nova Scotia’s capital and the largest city in the Atlantic Provinces, has one of the finest harbors in the world. The city is a mixture of old and new. Many of the buildings in the Historic Properties in the center of the city date to the nineteenth century, but just a block away is Scotia Square, a modern high-rise apartment/hotel/office/shopping complex. Visitors who want a different view of the city may choose to take a harbor cruise on the Bluenose II, a schooner docked at Privateer’s Wharf.
Prince Edward Island
Prince Edward Island is Canada’s smallest province, 140 miles long, and only 40 miles from shore to shore at its widest point. It is a wildly beautiful place, with breathtaking red sandstone cliffs on its southern coast and emerald green forests and fields in the interior. The island has a 1,100-mile coastline, of which nearly 500 miles are spectacular sandy beaches, surrounded by water that is, at least in the summer, surprisingly warm.
The island entertains nearly three-quarters of a million visitors annually. While there is a wide range of accommodations, many tourists take advantage of vacation farms, working agricultural enterprises that allow visitors to share the chores and get a taste of Prince Edward Island farm life. Readers may remember that Prince Edward Island is the setting for Lucy Maud Montgomery’s novel, Anne of Green Gables. The Green Gables House, open to the public, is situated in Prince Edward Island National Park.
Newfoundland, the largest of the Atlantic Provinces, also has the longest history of European occupation. Visitors can see the ruins of an eleventh-century Viking outpost at L’Anse aux Meadows on the northern coast of the island of Newfoundland. Hunting and fishing vacations are extremely popular in Newfoundland. Visitors will also enjoy walking the hilly streets of St. John’s, the picturesque provincial capital and its largest town.…